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MOSCOW METRO

лого метроMoscow Metro is the main public transport of the capital carrying over a half of all city passengers. Many metro stations and ticket halls represent historical, cultural and architectural monuments and are protected by the government. Metro is a risk-prone transport enterprise, therefore passengers must conform to its rules.

 

dv pegovDmitry Pegov  
Head of Moscow Metro

Mr. Pegov was born May 22, 1973 in Samara.

In 1997 he graduated from St. Petersburg State Transport University with qualification of engineer-electrician.
In 2008 he studied at the Baltic state technical University as Master of Business Administration.
In 2013 graduated the State University - Higher school of Economics majoring in "Jurisprudence" with qualification of a lawyer.
He began his labor activity in 1994 as an assistant engineer of electric locomotive depot, then worked as a train driver, driving instructor of locomotive crews, Deputy Head of the railcar depot Saint Petersburg-Moscow October railway.
Since 2004 he held the position of Head of the railcar depot Saint Petersburg-Moscow October railway - branch of JSC "Russian Railways.
Since June 2009 - Head of North-Western Directorate of fast communications (structural subdivisions of the Directorate of Rapid Railway Communication).
Since February 2010 - General Director of Rapid Railway Communications of JSC "RZD".

Construction of the Moscow Metro began the 1930s. The first line opened on 15 May 1935 between Sokolniki and Park Kultury with a branch to Smolenskaya which reached Kievskaya in April 1937. Construction of the metro continued throughout the 1930s and even throughout World War II (known to Russians as the “Great Patriotic War”)

During the Siege of Moscow, in the autumn and winter of 1941, the metro stations were used as air-raid shelters. The Council of Ministers moved its offices to the platforms of Mayakovskaya station, where Stalin made several public speeches during the siege.

The Koltsevaya, or ring, Line was planned first as a line running under the Garden Ring, a wide avenue encircling the borders of Moscow's city centre. The first part of the line - from Park Kultury to Kurskaya (1950) - follows this avenue, but the rest of the ring line was modified to connect to nine intercity train stations in Moscow.

One urban legend about the origin of the ring line alleges that a group of engineers approached Stalin with plans for the Metro, to inform him of current progress. As he looked at the drawings, Stalin poured a cup of coffee and spilt a small amount over the edge of the cup. When asked whether or not he liked the project so far, he put his cup down on the centre of the Metro blueprints and left the room without a word. The bottom of the cup left a brown circle on the drawings. The planners looked at it and realized that it was exactly what they had been missing. Taking it as a sign of Stalin's genius, they gave orders for the building of the ring line, which on the plans was always printed in brown. This legend, of course, may be attributed to Stalin's cult of personality.

During the late 1950s, the architectural extravagance of new metro stations was significantly reduced, under the orders of Nikita Khrushchev. He championed a simple, standard layout.  During this period, stations differed from one another only in the color and design of tiles used. Most of these stations were very poorly built. In the mid-1970s, architectural extravagance was restored, and original designs once again became popular.

Construction of new stations continues to this day, as does restoration of the original stations, such as Mayakovskaya.

The Moscow Metro train is identical to those used in all other ex-Soviet Metro cities (St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Minsk, Kiev, Kharkov, etc.) and in Budapest, Prague, Sofia and Warsaw.

Even if you are a regular Moscow metro traveler, you’ll see you didn’t know this one: A male voice announces the next station when traveling towards the center of the city, and a female voice when going away from it. On the circle line the clockwise direction has a male announcer for the stations, while the counter-clockwise direction has a female announcer

Topping the list of the world’s busiest metros at number three, just behind Toyko and Seoul, there are 12 lines and more than 9 million people ride the Moscow Metro daily. Sound a bit intimidating? It was actually one of the easiest metros we’ve ever used and never had to wait more than 40 seconds between trains. There’s even a clock at each stop to time it!